6 Basic Crochet Stitches

6 Basic Crochet Stitches

Whether you’re new to crochet or just need a refresher, these are the 6 basic crochet stitches that everyone needs for just about any project!

Crocheting has been around since, at least the 16th century. It’s known as crochet in English, French, Italian, Spanish languages, and Belgian. It’s known as haken in Holland, hekling in Norway, haekling in Denmark, and virkning in Sweden. It’s history is somewhat mysterious, however the stitches that make up the basics of just about every other stitch are pretty easy.

How to start

In case you don’t know how to start, here’s how I make my starting knot.

Starting knot

The Stitches

The instructions for starting a row from a chain foundation will be in parentheses, except for the chain stitch.

I’m using a size J 6.00 mm hook for all of the rows.

I variegated the color of the yarn with each stitch, except the chain and single crochet, they are both pink, so you can more easily see the the steps. If you are a beginner I suggest staying with one color of yarn.

Chain Stitch

Lets start with the chain stitch.

Abbreviations: ch US, ch UK

Chain stitch

Step 1. Make your starting knot.

Step 2. Yarn over and pull through the loop on your hook. That is 1 chain.

Step 3. Yarn over and pull through the loop on your hook. Continue to the number of chains for your project.

Single Crochet

Abbreviations: sc US, dc UK

In UK terms this is called a double crochet.

Single crochet part 1

Step 1. (Insert your hook into the second chain from the hook) Chain 1 this counts as your first stitch, insert your hook into the next stitch, pull up a loop.

Single crochet part 2

Step 2. Yarn over, pull through the 2 loops on your hook.

Step 3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until you’ve reached the end of your project. Then chain 1 and turn for your next row.

Slip Stitch

Abbreviations: sl st US, ss UK

This will create a very close stitch.

Slip stitch part 1

Step 1. (Insert your hook into the second chain from the hook) Chain 1, yarn over and pull through all loops.

Slip stitch part 2

Step 2. Repeat until you’ve reached the end of your project. Then chain 1 and turn for your next row.

Half Double Crochet

Abbreviations: hdc US, htc UK

Half treble crochet in UK terms.

Half double part 1

Step 1. (Insert your hook into the third chain from the hook) Chain 2 this counts as your first stitch, yarn over, insert your hook into the next stitch and pull up a loop.

Half double crochet part 2

Step 2. Yarn over and pull through all 3 loops.

Half double crochet part 3

Step 3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until you’ve reached the end of your row. Then chain 2 and turn for your next row.

Half double crochet part 4

Double Crochet

Abbreviations: dc US, tc UK

Treble crochet in UK terms.

Double crochet part 1

Step 1. (Insert your hook into the third chain from the hook) Chain 2 this counts as your first stitch, yarn over, insert your hook into the next stitch and pull up a loop.

Double crochet part 2

Step 2. Yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over pull through the last 2 loops.

Double crochet part 3
Double crochet part 4

Step 3. Repeat until you’ve reached the end of your row. Then chain 2 and turn for your next row.

Triple Crochet

Abbreviations: tc US, dtc UK

Double treble crochet in UK terms. This stitch is also sometimes called a treble crochet in US terms.

Triple crochet part 1
Triple crochet part2

Step 1. (Insert your hook into the fourth chain from the hook) Chain 3, yarn over twice, insert your hook into the next stitch and pull up a loop.

Triple crochet part 3

Step 2. Yarn over and pull through 2 loops, yarn over, pull through 2 loops.

Triple crochet part 4

Step 3. Yarn over and pull through the last 2 loops. Repeat until you’ve reached the end of your row. Then chain 3 and turn for your next row.

Triple crochet part 5

All The Stitches

The swatch of all 6

There are many, many more stitches where these came from but, these are the ones that are the most important to learn.

Here are some other stitches you might be interested in:

Do you have a favorite stitch? Tell me in the comments below!